Advent of Code F# – Day 11

The source code for this post (both Part 1 and Part 2) is available here and you can click here to see my solutions for the other Advent of Code challenges.

Description for today’s challenge is here.

 

First, let’s encapsulate the three password requirements:

1) Passwords must include one increasing straight of at least three letters, like abc, bcd, cde, and so on, up to xyz. They cannot skip letters; abd doesn’t count.

day11_01

2) Passwords may not contain the letters i, o, or l, as these letters can be mistaken for other characters and are therefore confusing.

day11_02

3) Passwords must contain at least two different, non-overlapping pairs of letters, like aa, bb, or zz.

day11_03

Any valid password would need to satisfy all three requirements:

day11_04

Now that’s taken care of, let’s focus on the matter of increasing the password:

day11_05

here we have broken up the logic into two smaller chunks:

  • incrChar is responsible for return the incremented characters, and looping from ‘z’ to ‘a’
  • incrAt increments the char at the specified index, and recurses to increment the next index if the aforementioned char loops around

Finally, let’s generate the sequence of all future passwords with an unfold, and find the first one that is a valid password:

day11_06

 

Part 2

Almost identical to Part 1, the only change is to skip the first valid password after the initial input:

day11_07

2 Comments

  1. Bryan Slatner   •  

    Here’s a fun trick I just learned. If you have a char c, you can increment it with (c + ‘x01’).

  2. Yan Cui   •  

    Nice, that’s nicer than converting-to-int-incr-then-back-to-char :-)

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