Project Euler – Problem 38 Solution


Take the number 192 and multiply it by each of 1, 2, and 3:

192 x 1 = 192

192 x 2 = 384

192 x 3 = 576

By concatenating each product we get the 1 to 9 pandigital, 192384576. We will call 192384576 the concatenated product of 192 and (1,2,3)

The same can be achieved by starting with 9 and multiplying by 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, giving the pandigital, 918273645, which is the concatenated product of 9 and (1,2,3,4,5).

What is the largest 1 to 9 pandigital 9-digit number that can be formed as the concatenated product of an integer with (1,2, … , n) where n > 1?


// define function which checks if a given number is 1-9 pandigital
let isPandigital n =
    let str = n.ToString()
    |> string
    |> List.forall (fun x -> str.Contains(x) && str.IndexOf(x) = str.LastIndexOf(x))

// define function to generate the (possible) pandigital sequence
let getConcatProduct n =
    // define recursive inner function
    let rec genSeq n' (digits:string) n=
        let digits' = digits + (n' * n).ToString()
        if digits'.Length > 9 then digits else genSeq (n'+1) digits' n
    genSeq 1 "" n

let answer =
    |> getConcatProduct
    |> List.filter (fun d -> d.Length = 9 && isPandigital d)
    |> List.maxBy int

Seeing as n must be greater than 1 as specified in the problem brief, we only needs to check numbers up to 10000 as the concatenated form of two 5-digit numbers will be longer than 9 digits.

The getConcatProduct function does most of the interesting work and is responsible for taking a number and returning the concatenated product of that number and 1, 2.. up to 9. The last section of the code checks the outputs and only look for concatenated products that are 9 digits long and pandigital from 1 to 9, finding the largest number of this kind.

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Yan Cui

I’m an AWS Serverless Hero and the author of Production-Ready Serverless. I have run production workload at scale in AWS for nearly 10 years and I have been an architect or principal engineer with a variety of industries ranging from banking, e-commerce, sports streaming to mobile gaming. I currently work as an independent consultant focused on AWS and serverless.

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