Yan Cui

I help clients go faster for less using serverless technologies.

**This article is brought to you by**

The real-time data platform that empowers developers to build innovative products faster and more reliably than ever before.

The problem description is **here**, and **click here** to see all my other Euler solutions in F#.

This is a more difficult version of problem 81, but still, as you can’t move left so we can still optimize one column at a time.

First, let’s read the input file into a 2D array:

and initialize another matrix with the same size to store the minimum sum to each of the cells:

In order to avoid miscalculations due to uninitialized cells (i.e. if we had initialized them with 0), I’ve initialized the cells by assuming that we have moved right all the way, hence this line:

* else matrix.[row, 0..col] |> Array.sum*

which adds up all the cells to the left of, and including, the (*row, col*) cell.

Next, we’ll add a couple of helper functions to work out the new minimum sum to the cell at (*row, col*) if we had moved up, down, or right:

We can now use these functions to optimize the columns one at a time.

The tricky thing here is that we might need a few passes to converge onto the true minimum sum path to each of the cells. For example, in order to work out the minimum sum at (*row, col*) we need to know the minimum sum at (*row-1, col*) and (*row+1, col*). But to work out the minimum sum at (*row-1, col*) we need to know the minimum sum at (*row, col*)!

So, instead, we’ll recursively try to optimize each cell in the column until it can’t be optimized anymore:

At the end of the snippet above, we optimized the columns one at a time from left to right. (I could have equally included this as part of the recursive function, but it would introduce another level of nesting which is why I opted against it)

And finally, look for the minimum sum on the right-most column in the sum matrix to answer the question:

This solution runs in 9ms on my laptop.

The source code for this solution is here.

**Whenever you’re ready, here are 4 ways I can help you:**

**Production-Ready Serverless**: Join 20+ AWS Heroes & Community Builders and 1000+ other students in levelling up your serverless game. This is your one-stop shop for**quickly levelling up your serverless skills**.- Do you want to know
**how to test serverless architectures**with a fast dev & test loop? Check out my latest course,**Testing Serverless Architectures**and learn the smart way to test serverless. - I help clients
**launch product ideas**,**improve their development processes**and**upskill their teams**. If you’d like to work together, then let’s**get in touch**. **Join my community on Discord**, ask questions, and join the discussion on all things AWS and Serverless.

Pingback: F# Weekly #5, 2016 | Sergey Tihon's Blog

Pingback: Project Euler - Problem 83 Solution | theburningmonk.com