What does this F# code look like in Erlang – Part 4 of N

Related Posts

 

Here I will look at how some commonly used functions in F#’s List module might be translated to Erlang using Erlang’s equivalent – the lists module.

 

List.append

F#:         let newList = List.append [ 1..5 ] [ 6..10 ]

Erlang:   NewList = lists:append([ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ], [ 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 ]).

List.average

F#:         let avg = List.average [ 1.0..10.0 ]

Erlang:   List = lists: seq(1, 10).

             Avg = lists: sum(List) / length(List).

List.collect

F#:         let duped = [ ‘a’; ‘b’; ‘c’ ] |> List.collect (fun x -> [ x; x ])

Erlang:   Duped = lists:flatmap(fun(X) –> [ X, X ] end, [ a, b, c ]).

List.concat

F#:         let newList = List.concat [ [ 1; 2 ]; [ 3; 4; 5 ]; [ 6; 7; 8; 9 ] ]

Erlang:   NewList = lists:append([ [ 1, 2 ], [ 3, 4, 5 ], [ 6, 7, 8, 9 ] ]).

 

List.exists

F#:         let hasEven = [ 1..2..9 ] |> List.exists (fun x -> x % 2 = 0)

Erlang:   HasEven = lists:any(fun(X) -> X rem 2 =:= 0 end, lists: seq(1, 9, 2)).

 

List.filter

F#:         let evens = [ 1.. 6 ] |> List.filter (fun x -> x % 2 = 0)

Erlang:   Evens = lists:filter(fun(X) -> X rem 2 =:= 0 end, lists:seq(1, 6)).

 

List.find

F#:         let fstMatch = [ "cui"; "xue"; "yan" ] |> List.find ((=) "yan")

Erlang:   FstMatch = lists:keyfind(yan, 1, [ { cui }, { xue }, { yan } ]).

 

List.fold

F#:         let data = [ ("Cats", 4); ("Dogs", 5); ("Mice", 3); ("Elephants", 2) ]

              let count = data |> List.fold (fun acc (_, x) -> acc + x) 0

Erlang:   Data = [ { cats, 4 }, { dogs, 5 }, { mice, 3 }, { elephants, 2 } ].

             Count = lists:foldl(fun({ _, N }, Acc) -> Acc + N end, 0, Data).

 

List.foldBack

F#:         let copy = List.foldBack (fun elem acc -> elem::acc) [ 1..10 ] []

Erlang:   Copy = lists:foldr(fun(X, Acc) -> [X|Acc] end, [], lists:seq(1, 10)).

 

List.forall

F#:         let allEven = [2; 4; 6; 8] |> List.forall (fun n -> n % 2 = 0)

Erlang:   AllEven = lists:all(fun(X) -> X rem 2 =:= 0 end, [ 2, 4, 6, 8 ]).

 

List.iter

F#:         [1..10] |> List.iter (printfn "%d")

Erlang:   lists:foreach(fun(X) -> io:format("~p~n", [ X ]) end, lists:seq(1, 10)).

 

List.length

F#:         let lst = [ 1..10 ]

              // you can call the Length property on a list

              let len1 = lst.Length

              // or use List.length

              let len2 = List.length lst

Erlang:   Lst = lists: seq(1, 10).

             % you can use the length built-in function

             Len1 = length(Lst).

             % or you can use lists:flatlength

             Len2 = lists:flatlength(Lst).

 

List.map

F#:         let doubles = [ 1..10 ] |> List.map (fun x -> x * 2)

Erlang:   Doubles = lists:map(fun(X) -> X * 2 end, lists:seq(1, 10)).

 

List.max

F#:         let max = [ 1..10 ] |> List.max

Erlang:   Max = lists:max(lists: seq(1, 10)).

 

List.min

F#:         let min = [ 1..10 ] |> List.min

Erlang:   Min = lists:min(lists: seq(1, 10)).

 

List.nth

F#:         let fourth = List.nth [ 1..10 ] 3

Erlang:   Fourth = lists:nth(4, lists: seq(1, 10)). % node that n is not zero-indexed here!

 

List.partition

F#:         let evens, odds = [ 1..10 ] |> List.partition (fun n -> n % 2 = 0)

Erlang:   { Evens, Odds } = lists:partition(fun(X) -> X rem 2 =:= 0 end, lists:seq(1, 10)).

 

List.rev

F#:         let rev = [ 1..10 ] |> List.rev

Erlang:   Rev = lists:reverse(lists: seq(1, 10)).

 

List.sort

F#:         let sorted = List.sort [ 1; 4; 7; -1; 5 ]

Erlang:   Sorted = lists:sort([ 1, 4, 7, -1, 5 ]).

 

List.sum

F#:         let sum = List.sum [ 1..10 ]

Erlang:   Sum = lists:sum(lists:seq(1, 10)).

 

List.unzip

F#:         let lstA, lstB = List.unzip [ (1, 2); (3, 4) ]

Erlang:   { LstA, LstB } = lists:unzip([ {1, 2}, {3, 4} ]).

 

List.zip

F#:         let lst = List.zip [ 1; 2 ] [ 3; 4 ]

Erlang:   Lst = lists:zip([ 1, 2 ], [ 3, 4 ]).

Liked this article? Support me on Patreon and get direct help from me via a private Slack channel or 1-2-1 mentoring.
Subscribe to my newsletter


Hi, I’m Yan. I’m an AWS Serverless Hero and the author of Production-Ready Serverless.

I specialise in rapidly transitioning teams to serverless and building production-ready services on AWS.

Are you struggling with serverless or need guidance on best practices? Do you want someone to review your architecture and help you avoid costly mistakes down the line? Whatever the case, I’m here to help.

Hire me.


Check out my new course, Complete Guide to AWS Step Functions. In this course, we’ll cover everything you need to know to use AWS Step Functions service effectively. Including basic concepts, HTTP and event triggers, activities, callbacks, nested workflows, design patterns and best practices.

Get Your Copy